What is ESG? A Simple Guide | Zell Education

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      What is ESG?

      Last Update On 22nd April 2024
      Duration: 4 Mins Read

      What is ESG — “ESG”, is an acronym for a cluster of sectors, namely environmental, social and governance. ESG metrics are often used as a marker of successful business. It further reflects how an organization functions based on its sustainability-related risk mitigation skills.

      Leading companies like Unilever, Patagonia, and Tesla religiously follow the ESG models. Unilever aims to reduce carbon footprints and promotion of sustainable sourcing. Patagonia spotlights its supply chain transparency and it has a steady past of environmental activism. Tesla is all about EVs, thus it focuses on renewable energy innovation. From a financial perspective, these companies are putting ESG into practice for sustainable growth in their business, having a positive impact on the environment and long-term steady return possibilities. 

      What Does ESG Stand For?

      ESG stands for environmental, social, and governance. What is ESG, here are the categories of criteria used to assess the sustainability and ethical impact of a company for investment and future returns.

      1. Environmental factors consider a company’s impact on the natural environment. Factors like carbon footprint, resource consumption, and pollution levels are measured.

      2. Social factors are judged upon the company’s interpersonal relationships namely with its employees, customers, relevant communities, and other stakeholders. Topics like employee welfare, employee diversity and inclusion, human rights practices, and community engagement.

      3. Governance factors look inside a company’s internal policies, management structures, and leadership in board composition, executive compensation, transparency, and the integrity of financial reporting.

      The Evolution of ESG

      ESG has evolved pretty significantly and has gained prominence as the attention shifted towards managing non-financial risks as well. ESG factors have an innate ethical undertone which makes it a socially responsible investment to a mainstream consideration. Several contemporary companies have ingrained ESG practices within their decision-making processes to bring out a better strategic imperative.

      What is an ESG Specialist?

      An ESG specialist is a finance professional who helps companies adapt ESG principles into their business practices, as well as helps investors to readjust their portfolios accordingly. ESG specialists are experts in sustainability, risk management, and responsible investing. The responsibilities of an ESG specialist include —

      1. Researching and developing ESG strategies for organizations. 

      2. Measure and report ESG performances

      3. Identifying ESG risks and filtering out future opportunities

      4. Integrating ESG considerations into investment decision-making.

      Pros and Cons of ESG

      Crucial Pros of ESG:

      1. Improved risk management due to timely prediction and mitigation of risks related to climate change, social issues, and governance practices.

      2. Enhanced reputation and stakeholder engagement: Demonstrating a commitment to ESG can enhance a company’s reputation due to the social and environmental intent attached to it. It attracts socially conscious investors. With a committed interpersonal relationship, ESG promotes higher stakeholder engagement.

      3. ESG investments generate long-term value. It encourages sustainable business practices. Integrating ESG into business strategies thus gives companies an upper hand over innovation, and market competitiveness.

      4. DEIB benefits (Diversity, Equity, Inclusion and Belonging) on social fronts.

      5. Environment consciousness in ESG brings out the perks of sustainability within a business ecosystem. Sustainable practices within the workforce minimize operational costs and lead to enhanced brand goodwill and reputation. Businesses which are working on technologies which help the environment as well the society to sustain, attract more investors especially based on good morals and human ethics.

      Certain Challenges with ESG:

      1. Lack of standardized metrics and reporting. There is currently no globally accepted framework for measuring and reporting ESG performance in companies and industries. This makes comparisons and benchmarking difficult and quite subjective.

      2. Greenwashing concerns are on the rise as companies may claim to prioritize ESG without substantiating their claims. Some are even greenwashing their products with misinformation simply for a price markup in the name of being eco-friendly. All of this leads to scepticism and doubts about their true commitment to sustainability.

      What is ESG?

      What are ESG Regulations?

      The ESG sectors are the current crucial market drivers. With rapid growth and development, they become quite volatile, thus needing regulations. ESG regulations refer to guidelines to ensure RTI (right to information). Companies are bound to disclose material ESG information so that they can be measured as per regulations. These regulations vary by country and sector. The global aim is to promote transparency and accountability and to establish ethically responsible business practices. 

      Alternatives to ESG

      1. Impact investing focuses on generating positive quantifiable social and environmental outcomes along with stable financial returns. 

      2. Thematic investing, investments are themes and sector-based, centring around sustainability, such as renewable energy or water conservation.


      ESG has evolved as a significant model for evaluating sustainability and ethical issues in business and investment. Understanding what ESG and their influences enable businesses and investors to make better informed decisions, manage risks and contribute to a more sustainable and responsible society. However, it is essential for identifying continuing problems, acknowledge evolving legislation and consider alternative Measures for improving sustainable practices. By acknowledging ESG principles, organizations can drive better changes and generate long-term values for themselves and society as a whole.


      What is ESG in simple terms?

      ESG stands for Environmental, Social and Governance. It evaluates a company’s environmental and social impact, the relationship between the employees and firms and ethical governance measures.

      What are the 3 pillars of ESG?

      ESG has three main pillars and they are Environmental, social and governance. Environmental factors evaluate the impact of a company’s activities on the environment, which involves climate changes and the management of resources. Social considerations include a company’s interaction and relationship with people, including labour policies and community relations. Governance includes processes and regulations that govern a company’s activities, including board diversity and openness.

      What are the big 4 of ESG?

      The big 4 of ESG are :

      1) Environmental: Influences on the natural environment, such as carbon footprints and climate change measures.
      2) Social: Relationship management with the stakeholders, investors, employees, workers and communities.
      3) Governance: System of regulations and measures for guiding and controlling the company.
      4) Corporate responsibility: voluntary actions to focus on societal and environmental issues that go beyond legal considerations.

      What is an ESG goal?

      ESG attempts and aims to encourage organizations to perform in an economically viable, socially responsible and ethical manner. By considering the environmental influences, social issues, and governance policies, ESG aims at increasing long-term wealth production, risk management and contribution to a more feasible and fair functioning society.


      Satyamedh Nandedkar, a seasoned finance professional, holds ACCA, CA, US CMA & CS credentials. With 10+ years of experience, he’s a master ACCA tutor, IFRS trainer, adept in global financial standards, and a trusted advisor in navigating complex financial landscapes.

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